Metatarsalgia (Ball of Foot Pain)
Pain Can Make It Hard to Walk
Metatarsalgia is a term used when pain is located in the ball of the foot. It is a broad term and there may be a more specific term that can be used for the specific condition. You may experience aching or burning beneath the ball of the foot and you may feel as if you have a pebble in your shoe. The discomfort is often made worse with standing or walking activities.
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What Is Metatarsalgia (Ball of Foot Pain)?
Metatarsalgia can be a painful condition in which sharp, aching, or burning pain is felt in the ball of the foot. Burning or cramping pain associated with weight bearing is typically located in the central metatarsal heads and joints. Generally inflammation in the ball of the foot is present. There are different forms of metatarsalgia two of which include:
Synovitis is a form of metatarsalgia which is an inflammation of the joints, and this is commonly seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
MTP joint complex
MTP joint complex is a form a metatarsalgia also known as a stone bruise. The patient experiences the feeling of a stone or hard pea in the shoe when standing, with discomfort increasing by walking barefoot on hard surfaces.
Morton's Neuroma is a thickening of nerve tissue between your third and fourth toes. It is commonly called a "pinched nerve." The patient will usally experience a sharp, burning pain onr tingling sensation. This is a common form of metatarsalgia.
What Causes Metatarsalgia (Ball of Foot Pain)?
Inflammation of Metatarsal Bones
Metatarsalgia is caused by inflammation of one or more of the metatarsal bones (toe bones) and the joints in the ball of the foot. The pain and inflammation are usually due to excessive pressure over a prolonged period of time which can be caused by activity, improper footwear, or foot structure. Once developed the problem will come progressively worse with wearing inappropriate footwear.
Poorly Fitted Shoes
Poorly fitting shoes are the most common cause of metatarsalgia. Shoes that are too small, shoes that lack proper support, and high heeled shoes can put stress and strain on the foot that causes the condition to develop. Strenuous activities such as running or jumping are another possible cause, especially when the activities are repeated frequently.
What Can I Do to get Rid of Pain in the Ball of My Foot?
In many cases simple home care and proper supportive shoes and insoles with metatarsal pads are enough to allow metatarsalgia to heal. However, if the condition is severe or not subsiding with home treatment a doctor should be consulted because a more specific diagnosis may be needed.
One of the most effective treatments for metatarsalgia is placing a metatarsal pad (met pad) beneath the ball of the foot. This reduces the pressure on the affected metatarsal heads and provides support for the transverse arch.
When you are adding a metatarsal pad to a shoe or an insert it is important to place it properly. The met pad should be centered behind the 3rd metatarsal head. It should be placed in the section of soft tissue just behind the ball of the foot. Do not place the metatarsal pad beneath the metatarsal bones, instead place it proximal to the bones.
If you are uncertain of where to place the met pad yoy may want to consider purchasing a shoe insole that has the metatarsal pad built in. There are many different types of insoles that have a met pad built into the correct spot. These should be utilized because correct placement of the met pad is important.
It is also important to wear good shoes with adequate width and depth and also proper support and cushioning.
A slight rocker sole in the forefoot of the shoe can also aid in relief because it reduces the amount of force exerted on the metatarsal heads at toe-off. Ice and resting the foot should help with the pain and inflammation. Gentle massage or the use of a tennis ball or Foot Rubz ball can also help to relieve the pain.